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ioprofile调查应用IO情况的利器

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本文链接地址: ioprofile调查应用IO情况的利器

我们在做IO密集型的应用程序的时候,比如MySQL数据库,通常系统的表现取决于workload的类型。 比如我们要调优,我们就必须非常清楚的知道数据的访问规律,收集到足够的数据,用来做调优的依据。

有很多工具可以收集系统层面的,设备层面的,进程层面的IO数据,但是没有一个现成的工具可以回答我们比如应用打开了多少文件,文件的读和写的比例是多少,调用了多少次sync, 每次的数据大小是多少,调用了多少次,每次用了多少时间, 是顺序操作还是随机操作,是那个线程发起的操作。

当然如果你对系统足够熟悉的话,你可以用systemtap来编写脚本获取这些数据,也不是什么难事。但是大部分的同学没有足够的耐心去做这个。

这时候Percona同样来救助了。他提供了一整套工具来协助定位MySQL服务器的问题。这套工具适合于大部分的IO服务器。

Aspersa is a collection of open-source system utilities primarily designed to ease the work of Percona consultants. This manual is the primary documentation for Aspersa tools. Please contribute your improvements.

项目地址: http://code.google.com/p/aspersa/
ioprofile的使用文档: http://aspersa.googlecode.com/svn/html/ioprofile.html

它依赖于strace和lsof来做统计,所以在运行的时候会对目标系统产生一定的性能影响,不过还好,你可以指定收集数据的时间。

现在我们来试验下效果:

[chuba@test.flashcache.sqa.cm4 ~]$ sudo /tmp/aspersa-read-only/ioprofile -p 21826
Password: 
Sun Jan 16 02:16:52 CST 2011
     total      pread     pwrite      write      fsync filename
  0.491959   0.000000   0.453529   0.000000   0.038430 /mnt/ibdata1
  0.296719   0.000000   0.273126   0.000000   0.023593 /mnt/ib_logfile0
  0.161494   0.061440   0.091133   0.000000   0.008921 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0021.ibd
  0.146056   0.036532   0.102320   0.000000   0.007204 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0020.ibd
  0.144570   0.007500   0.128466   0.000000   0.008604 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0058.ibd
  0.138565   0.054159   0.078342   0.000000   0.006064 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0009.ibd
  0.136702   0.017857   0.111383   0.000000   0.007462 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0000.ibd
...


[chuba@test.flashcache.sqa.cm4 ~]$ sudo /tmp/aspersa-read-only/ioprofile -p 21826 -c count
Sun Jan 16 02:18:31 CST 2011
     total      pread     pwrite      write      fsync       open filename
      1439          0       1410          0         29          0 /mnt/ib_logfile1
       691          0          0        691          0          0 /u01/mysql/log/mysql-bin.000169
       366         20        301          0         45          0 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0012.ibd
       362          0        235          0        127          0 /mnt/ibdata1
       301         18        243          0         40          0 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0036.ibd
       292         18        237          0         37          0 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0026.ibd
       291         21        230          0         40          0 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0027.ibd
       288         21        236          0         31          0 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0013.ibd
..

[chuba@test.flashcache.sqa.cm4 ~]$ sudo /tmp/aspersa-read-only/ioprofile -p 21826 -c sizes
Sun Jan 16 02:22:01 CST 2011
     total      pread     pwrite      write      fsync filename
 225542144          0  225542144          0          0 /mnt/ibdata1
   6963200     229376    6733824          0          0 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0013.ibd
   6094848     360448    5734400          0          0 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0026.ibd
   5881856     278528    5603328          0          0 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0031.ibd
   5849088     393216    5455872          0          0 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0035.ibd
   5816320     311296    5505024          0          0 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0036.ibd
   5701632     294912    5406720          0          0 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0022.ibd
   5488640     376832    5111808          0          0 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0029.ibd
...

[chuba@test.flashcache.sqa.cm4 ~]$ sudo /tmp/aspersa-read-only/ioprofile -p 21826 -c times
Sun Jan 16 02:25:36 CST 2011
     total      pread     pwrite      write      fsync filename
  0.448082   0.000000   0.413493   0.000000   0.034589 /mnt/ibdata1
  0.313238   0.000000   0.282403   0.000000   0.030835 /mnt/ib_logfile3
  0.163073   0.089651   0.065107   0.000000   0.008315 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0005.ibd
  0.143463   0.004427   0.130650   0.000000   0.008386 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0011.ibd
  0.137938   0.048641   0.080933   0.000000   0.008364 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0021.ibd
  0.137061   0.006563   0.120739   0.000000   0.009759 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0018.ibd
  0.136427   0.000000   0.000000   0.136427   0.000000 /u01/mysql/log/mysql-bin.000170
  0.125673   0.043824   0.074042   0.000000   0.007807 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0000.ibd
...

[chuba@test.flashcache.sqa.cm4 ~]$ sudo /tmp/aspersa-read-only/ioprofile -p 21826 -c sizes -g filename
Sun Jan 16 02:29:54 CST 2011
     total      pread     pwrite      write      fsync       open filename
 274186240          0  274186240          0          0          0 /mnt/ibdata1
   8306688     442368    7864320          0          0          0 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0044.ibd
   6881280     262144    6619136          0          0          0 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0042.ibd
   6799360     344064    6455296          0          0          0 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0053.ibd
   6668288     475136    6193152          0          0          0 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0047.ibd
   6602752     327680    6275072          0          0          0 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0027.ibd
   6504448     344064    6160384          0          0          0 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0041.ibd
   6275072     344064    5931008          0          0          0 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0024.ibd
   6094848     393216    5701632          0          0          0 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0038.ibd
   6078464     180224    5898240          0          0          0 /u01/mysql/data/ic_test/auction_auctions_0037.ibd
...

[chuba@test.flashcache.sqa.cm4 ~]$ sudo /tmp/aspersa-read-only/ioprofile -p 21826 -c sizes -g pid
Sun Jan 16 02:31:02 CST 2011
     total      pread     pwrite      write      fsync pid
 270971904      32768  270939136          0          0 21854
  70975488          0   70975488          0          0 21844
  67518464          0   67518464          0          0 21842
  66797568          0   66797568          0          0 21843
  65568768          0   65568768          0          0 21841
...

[chuba@test.flashcache.sqa.cm4 ~]$ sudo /tmp/aspersa-read-only/ioprofile -p 21826 -c sizes -g all
Sun Jan 16 02:32:15 CST 2011
 548216907 TOTAL
 520120320 pwrite
  27475968 pread
    620619 write
         0 fsync

玩的开心!

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Categories: Linux, 工具介绍 Tags: , , , ,
  1. pizigou
    September 11th, 2011 at 16:47 | #1

    果然非常棒的工具!

    [Reply]

  1. December 14th, 2011 at 12:23 | #1